Extreme weather events as a result of climate change are having a high impact in European territories and are of global concern. Nature-based approaches can offer sustainable solutions to cope with climate change mitigation and adaptation challenges. However, the employment of nature-based solutions (NBS) for the mitigation of hydro-meteorological phenomena is not adequately demonstrated and still uncoordinated at the European level. Therefore, it is not reaching its full potential. This is where the OPERANDUM project comes in.
OPERANDUM aims to reduce hydro-meteorological risks in European territories through co-designed, co-developed, deployed, tested and demonstrated innovative green and blue/grey/hybrid Nature-Based Solutions (NBS), and push business exploitation. It aims provision of science-evidence for the usability of NBS and best practices for their design based on participatory processes. It foresees a multiple level of stakeholder engagement from the local community up to the international level to leverage widest possible NBS acceptance to promote its diffusion as a good practice. Moreover, the project establishes the framework for the strengthening of NBS-based policies according to local legislation and promotes technology and innovation in NBS to create a European leadership.
OPERANDUM will deliver the tools and methodologies as well as validated NBS to enhance resilience in European rural and natural territories through the reduction of hydro-meteorological risks while providing innovation and strategic plan for their up-scaling and replication.
OPERANDUM has the following objectives:
- Integrate knowledge about NBS efficacy against hydrometeorological risks;
- Strengthen technology innovation in the area of NBS;
- Improvement of acceptance of NBS based implementation;
- Enhancement of market demand and increase of competitiveness of NBS;
- Strengthening the adoption of NBS in national policies for DRR land planning, EIP Water.
The project’s approach is based on the of seven novel open-air laboratories (OALs) that provide concrete, flexible and transportable framework to expand the adoption of green, blue/grey/hybrid infrastructures across Europe and to implement them in the emerging economy and developing countries. The OALs adopted here to deploy/demonstrate NBS within climate change scenarios expected in Europe builds upon multi-disciplinary expertise and the full understanding of the role of ICT, markets exploitation and taking account national, EU and international policies. The OALs embrace the Living Labs concept for enhanced exploitation in natural and rural areas.
The OPERANDUM project will contribute to the implementation of EU policies for disaster risk prevention and reduction for climate change adaptation.
The following key impacts are expected:
- The mainstreaming of NBS in land use planning
- Development of an integrated EU-wide evidence base and a European reference framework on NBS
- Enhanced market demand for NBS for hydro-meteorological risk reduction and climate change adaptation
- Improved disaster risk management
- Enhanced implementation of EU policies for disaster risk prevention and reduction
- Contribution to the priorities of the EIP Water
- Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 13: climate action and 15: life on land.
OPERANDUM intends to respond to these challenges with a plan based on the deliberate agreement of 26 partners in 12 countries covering multiple approaches and multi-disciplines expertise, technology, market and policy players.
The OPERANDUM is coordinated by UNIBO. The coordinator is Silvana Di Sabatino.